APC 技術ブログ

株式会社エーピーコミュニケーションズの技術ブログです。

株式会社 エーピーコミュニケーションズの技術ブログです。

The AI Regulatory Landscape What’s Here What’s Coming How to Prepare

Preface

Venturing into the landscape of AI regulation, which continues to evolve without pause worldwide, is undoubtedly a challenge. To provide a clear overview of the issues at hand and offer our audience insights into the environment of AI regulation and ways to adapt, we hosted an information-packed session.

Scott Starbird, the Chief Public Relations Officer at Databricks, introduced the session. Adding further depth was Aaron Cooper, the Chief Global Policy Officer of BSA, an advocacy group leading the enterprise software industry, also known as the Software Alliance.

The session was divided into two segments. In the first, Scott provided a comprehensive overview of AI regulation and explained how these already enforced regulations could potentially impact the typical use cases of platforms. Discussion on the anticipated changes in the regulatory environment occurred in the second part of the session during a Q&A with Aaron.

The Present State of AI Regulation

AI regulation impacts a broad range of fields, including privacy, discrimination, and consumer protection laws. They affect AI users and developers in various ways through legal frameworks such as the EU AI law and state-level legislation activity in the US. The primary aim of this session was to highlight the key points from these laws and assist the audience in deepening their understanding of the current state of AI regulation.

Information shared during this session should be understood as only a fraction of the ever-evolving landscape of current AI regulation. This landscape is constantly changing, and to address the challenges lurking within, both passive observation and active engagement are needed.

A Deeper Look at Existing AI Regulations

Further exploration of the current state of AI regulation reveals its widespread use, particularly in fields such as employment decisions. Of note, however, is the recent enactment of the AI bill in Colorado. This bill is broad in scope and risk-based, much like the EU AI Law. Fortunately, it largely falls within the framework of EU law, even if it does not entirely apply. We hope this precedent set in one state will pave the way for others, particularly from the perspective of compatibility with the EU AI Law.

Some existing laws in other countries are not widely applicable to us or our clients, but we continue to monitor these regulatory trends. We look forward to reports from Aaron on developments in other countries.

So, what priorities do policymakers bear in mind when thinking about AI regulation? Let's touch upon a few key points.

BSA's Role and the Practice of Responsible AI

In this section, we invited Aaron, our guest speaker from BSA, to delve deeper into the activities his organization is undertaking on AI-related matters.

About BSA

Our conversation started with a brief snapshot of BSA. For those who are unaware, BSA is a standardization organization also known as the Business Software Alliance.

Aaron spends a significant amount of time talking to BSA Board members in capitals all over the world. The concerns he hears most often are, ‘Is our AI better than China's?' and 'How do we prevent robots from taking over?' These questions highlight both the current state of AI standardization and the ethical debates surrounding it.

BSA provides information to comprehend how AI technology is evolving. They also host AI-related sessions and workshops that aid their members in understanding AI's potential. All these efforts aim to find the best way forward.

During this session, Aaron further probed his optimistic prospects of innovation possibilities.

Gaining insights into BSA's role and practices of responsible AI enabled us to recognise how BSA understands the AI ecosystem and supports its growth and evolution and their response to the discussions around AI standardization and regulation. We were impressed by BSA's commitment to their role and their passion for the future of AI. Once again, we realized that standardization organizations like BSA are indispensable for global AI advancements. In the next section, we focus on the ongoing regulatory aspects.

Challenges in AI Regulation

One of the greatest challenges in regulating AI is accomplishing a binary cooperation between different parties and legislative bodies. An example of such cooperation is the joint effort by the Democratic chair of the Senate Commerce Committee and the Republican chair of the House Energy & Commerce Committee to agree on promoting privacy and AI regulation.

However, interparty and inter-chamber cooperation has always come with its challenges, and these challenges have increased in today's political scenario. Despite these inherent difficulties, the current propositions show ways to overcome these challenges and move forward collectively.

Harmonization in AI Regulation

Despite assessments that the proposals are unlikely to make headway this year, it is clear they are influencing discussions about privacy and AI regulations at the state level.

Regardless of whether a legislative action advances, the content and direction of these discussions significantly affect states that are contemplating AI regulation. For example, 18 states currently have similar privacy laws within their jurisdictions, which might change due to future trends.

When contemplating challenges and harmonization of AI regulation, it is important to pay attention to the specific actions each state is taking to regulate AI. The potential realization of specific legislative actions is also significant and influences the ongoing discussions on privacy and AI regulation in various ways.

Existing privacy laws and their potential for future changes should be monitored closely. Deepening understanding concerning challenges and harmonization in AI regulation helps in formulating more accurate strategies and preparing to stay ahead of advancements in AI regulation. This opens up the path to harness the fullest potential of AI and its progressive capabilities.

Enforcement of AI Regulation and Thoughts for the Future

As the landscape of AI regulation is evolving, concurrent discussions are in progress. A noteworthy highlight is the job clarification between data processors and controllers. Regulations that explicitly state what a data processor should do, such as the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), have proven beneficial for businesses to comply. Furthermore, clarification of the obligations of each role is anticipated, as businesses may act both as processors and controllers.

Understanding the features and risks of AI leads to a focus on defining high-risk use cases. Continuous efforts are being made across Europe to establish more specific interpretations and policy guidelines, not only for current regulation.

However, concerns have been raised by businesses about the broad interpretation of current provisions. To address this issue, facilitating understanding and application of rules through detail and examples is desired.

Another notable point from the session is the increasing balance of supply and demand in regulations faced by AI officers.

In conclusion, these developments in AI regulations could potentially have substantial effects on not only businesses but also the general public and governments. It is crucial to keep an eye on these developments.

Conclusion

Understanding the current situation and future prospects of the AI regulatory environment is only the beginning. We move on to the second part of our session, exploring how they respond to the changing regulatory environment they monitor. Our insights may merely be the tip of the iceberg, but we hope they help you navigate and adapt to the landscape of AI regulation.

The ongoing AI regulations provide the fundamental rationale for understanding the risks brought by technological advancements and for establishing fair usage. As technologists, it is a core skill for us to meticulously monitor these trends in order to respond to strengthened regulations and emerging challenges.

About the special site during DAIS

This year, we have prepared a special site to report on the session contents and the situation from the DAIS site! We plan to update the blog every day during DAIS, so please take a look.

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